Multimedia, Ubuntu

Create your own online radio stream in Ubuntu


sudo apt-get install icecast2
sudo apt-get install ices2

Ices2 installation ask you to join DecNet choose the third choise to skip configuration.

Icecast Configuration

Open a terminal window and issue the following command:

sudo gedit /etc/icecast2/icecast.xml

We are going to change the source and the admin password. Locate authentication section (‹authentication›) in xml file. The source password is used to connect to the Icecast2 and the admin password is used to access the Icecast2 web interface. You can change username “admin” to something else by changing section ‹admin-user›. Choose your new passwords wisely.

To enable Icecast, open icecast2 file for editing by issuing the command:

sudo gedit /etc/default/icecast2

Locate line: Enable=false and change it to Enable=true to enable the init.d script.

Start the server-daemon

sudo /etc/init.d/icecast2 start

Open Icecast web interface
Open your favorite web browser and open the url:

Ices Configuration

First we have to create the necessary directories for ices2.

sudo mkdir /var/log/ices
sudo mkdir /etc/ices2
sudo mkdir /etc/ices2/music

Create Ices2 default configuration by executing the command below:

sudo cp /usr/share/doc/ices2/examples/ices-playlist.xml /etc/ices2

Open ices-playlist.xml file for editing:

sudo gedit /etc/ices2/ices-playlist.xml

1. Locate ‹background› section and change value 0 to 1.
2. Locate ‹metadata› section and change name, genre and description according to your desires.
3. Locate ‹param name=”file”› and change it to something like this /etc/ices2/playlist.txt. This is the path to your playlist!
4. Locate ‹password› and change default value hackme to the same value as the source password from Icecast2.

Add music

Convert all your mp3 music to ogg.
Supposing you have all your mp3 music in a directory for ex /home/username/Music.
To convert all .mp3 files to .ogg files, open a terminal and issue the following commands:

cd /home/username/Music
for x in *.mp3; do ffmpeg -i "$x" "`basename "$x"`.ogg"; done

1. Copy ogg files to the Ices2 music directory, /etc/ices2/music.
2. Create playlist file /etc/ices2/playlist.txt by executing this command:

sudo touch /etc/ices2/playlist.txt

3. Open playlist.txt file for edit:

sudo gedit /etc/ices2/playlist.txt

and add each song to the playlist. One song per line.
Try this: Open a terminal and list files.

tree -if /etc/ices2/music/ > /etc/ices2/playlist.txt

Open playlist.txt file for edit and remove /etc/ices2/music path in the first line and also remove the last line, which will look like this 0 directories, xx files. Remove empty lines. Your playlist.txt file will look like this at the end:


Start the stream

sudo ices2 /etc/ices2/ices-playlist.xml

Test it

Open icecast web interface (refresh the page in case it was already opened):
http://localhost:8000 and test your stream.