Rsync is a fast and extraordinarily versatile file copying tool. It can copy locally, to/from another host over any remote shell, or to/from a remote rsync daemon. It offers a large number of options that control every aspect of its behavior and permit very flexible specification of the set of files to be copied. It is famous for its delta-transfer algorithm, which reduces the amount of data sent over the network by sending only the differences between the source files and the existing files in the destination. Rsync is widely used for backups and mirroring and as an improved copy command for everyday use.
Rsync finds files that need to be transferred using a lqquick checkrq algorithm (by default) that looks for files that have changed in size or in last-modified time. Any changes in the other preserved attributes (as requested by options) are made on the destination file directly when the quick check indicates that the file’s data does not need to be updated.
rsync --exclude='.git/' --rsh="/usr/bin/ssh \ -o PreferredAuthentications=password" \ -rtvs --progress --delete ./local-folder \ firstname.lastname@example.org:/var/www/html
Exclude files matching PATTERN.
This option allows you to choose an alternative remote shell program to use for communication between the local and remote copies of rsync.
Recurse into directories.
Preserve modification times.
No space-splitting; wildcard chars only.
Show progress during transfer.
Delete extraneous files from dest dirs.